In Vitro Fertilization Info from a Denver IVF Clinic
There are many couples who experience fertility problems that make it difficult to conceive a child, or the couple is simply unable to conceive. With the use of in vitro fertilization (IVF), couples are able to successfully conceive and give birth to a healthy child. The use of the procedure at a Denver IVF clinic assists couples with impaired fertility conditions like tubal issues, male factor infertility, endometriosis, unexplained reasons for infertility, or for those who have had prior treatments that may have failed.
The IVF process takes the woman’s eggs from her ovaries and places them in a petri dish, where the male’s sperm is then injected into the egg, which results in it becoming fertilized. The fertilized egg is then transferred back to the woman.
Before a patient begins the IVF procedure, she must first be evaluated by a physician in order to maximize the chances of having a healthy and successful pregnancy. Being in good health is critical during both preconception and the pregnancy, so before trying to conceive it’s important to have any chronic health conditions under control.
The patient will go through a physical exam, and both the patient and her partner have their blood tested to check for any diseases or disorders that could be passed on to the baby. There may also be genetic tests performed depending on the genetic background of the couple. The woman’s ovarian reserve is also tested to determine egg quantity, quality, and its reproductive potential.
To determine if there might be some difficulties when transferring the embryo, the woman’s uterus will also be evaluated. The male’s semen is also analyzed to determine its quality, and if it could affect the success of the procedure. Once the evaluation is complete, and the couple meets all the health requirements and criteria, the IVF procedure can begin.
The entire IVF procedure will usually take between five and six weeks, with regular appointments that are necessary to attend. Generally, the most intense monitoring will occur over a two week period to ensure the health of the woman and her egg, as well as the effectiveness of the egg transfer the steps involved with the IVF procedure includes:
- Stimulation and monitoring – The woman is first prescribed fertility medications to regulate the timing of the eggs ripening, as well as to increase the chances of gathering multiple eggs during her cycle. The egg’s development is then monitored with ultrasound examinations, and blood and urine samples are taken to monitor hormone levels.
- Egg retrieval – With a minor procedure, the eggs are retrieved with a specialized needle. During this time the woman is sedated to reduce any discomfort. This procedure generally takes 30 minutes depending on the amount of follicles.
- Collect sperm – On the same day of the egg retrieval, the male’s sperm is collected for the laboratory to fertilize the eggs. Prior to this process, the male should refrain from ejaculation for at least five days.
- Fertilization and growth – After the sperm is injected into the eggs, the eggs will then be placed in incubators to allow fertilization. The eggs are then monitored to verify fertilization and cell division.
- Transfer of embryos – Now that the eggs are embryos, they are transferred back into the uterus between 2 to 3 days after the retrieval. A predetermined amount of embryos are inserted into the womb through a catheter that is guided by ultrasound.
A pregnancy test will then be performed usually two weeks following the embryo transfer. If the pregnancy is determined to be successful, the doctor will continue to monitor the woman throughout the early stages. Once a heartbeat can be identified in the fetus, the IVF procedure is complete and the patient is then referred to an obstetrician.