Embryo and egg donations in Colorado are both assisted reproductive options involving a third party. Donors can be known or anonymous donors. The former are normally friends, family members or acquaintances of the intended parents while the latter usually donate eggs or embryos through an agency which does not reveal their true identity to the intended parents.
- The process of egg donation:
• To select an egg donor, a screening process is conducted by the fertility clinic which involves a thorough physical and psychological examination of the donor to determine if her eggs will be accepted for egg donation in Colorado. Presence of genetic ailments in the family of the prospective donor decreases the possibility of acceptance.
• Once she clears the initial examination, she will be administered a course of hormone treatments including estrogen and progesterone. This will allow to sync the donor’s menstrual cycle with the recipient’s cycle.
• After the cycles are aligned, the donor will now receive hormonal treatment to augment her egg production. This phenomenon where the donor produces multiple number of eggs in a single cycle, is referred to as superovulation.
• After the eggs are ready, assisted reproductive therapists will carefully retrieve the eggs from the donor. The egg can either be cryopreserved for future use if the menstrual cycles of the recipient and donor fail to align properly or can be immediately ‘put into action’.
• IVF technology now takes lead and the egg is fertilized with the sperm from the male partner and allowed to grow into the embryo under laboratory conditions. The embryo is then physically placed into the recipient’s uterus where, if luck favours, it may successfully get implanted.
- The process involved in embryo donation:
• IVF procedures often creates more embryos than needed. The individuals involved then need to face the question of what they wish to do with the unused embryos. Options include storing them for an indefinite term for future use, destroying them, donating them for scientific research or donating them to those who wish to start their own family but cannot do so due to fertility issues.
• Couples/females are eligible to receive embryos when
– The female does not produce viable eggs.
– There is a family history of genetic disorder which may be transferred to the offspring if pregnancy is achieved in the natural way.
– Both the partners suffer from infertility problems and require both sperm and eggs.
• Embryos can be donated only under the following conditions
– Couples who have successfully undergone a fertility treatment and wish to donate their excess, viable embryos to couples in need.
– Donors must not have a family history of a genetic disease.
– All claims to a child/children born from the donated embryos need to be relinquished.
– Donors must be ready to undergo screening tests to determine they are not passing any infectious disease to the recipients via the embryo.
– There is usually a preferable age limit for embryo donation which depends on the rules and regulations of the state or individual clinics.
• Embryo transfer after embryo donation
– For implantation of the embryo in the uterus of the intended mother, she is first administered hormonal therapy using estrogen and progesterone to prepare her uterus for receiving the embryo.
– Ultrasound inspections of the uterus and blood tests are then conducted to determine whether the uterus is ready to receive the donated embryo.
– Usually, 12 days after implantation of the embryo, a pregnancy test is done to determine if success has been achieved.
For more information about egg donation and become an egg donor click here